When loosing teeth, some of us would say, “It doesn't really matter as long as the front teeth are intact or it's a normal aging process of the human body.”
Butis it really true?
The teeth are the hardest substances in the human body. Besides being essential for tearing, chewing and grinding food, the teeth in different shapes also play various important roles in speech and cosmetology. You ought to pay more attention when loosing teeth. Let's hear from the professional.
As early as 2001, WHO has proposed the “8020 program” to the worldwide human dental health, that is, 80-year-olds should still retain at least 20 functional teeth (firm teeth that are able to chew). The program intends to promote dental health in the hope of maintaining health and increasing life quality.
However, the truth is, very few are qualified to join the 8020 club.
According to WHO data, 15%-20% of the age group 35-44 are found with visible or destructive periodontal (gum) diseases while 30% of the group aged between 65 to 74 have no natural teeth.
Atooth is like a tree and the periodontal tissues (including the alveolar bone, the gums, the periodontal membrane and the cementum) serve as the preserving soils to the root. Water and soil erosion due to long-term negligence will lead to root exposure or leaning and finally tooth loss. Therefore, it is the periodontal disease to blame for loosing tooth!
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontaldiseases are infections of the structures around the teeth, which include gingivitis, periodontitis, gingival hyperplasia or atrophy. It is a chronic destructive condition to the teeth-supporting tissues. The earliest stage is marked with bleeding gums, bloody saliva in the morning or bad breath and later patient develops symptoms like swollen gums, sensitivity and gingival atrophy. As the infection spread to an advanced stage, there might be pus between the gums and teeth, weakness when chewing, mobility, and persistent periodontal abscess. Eventually, patient could lose many teeth in a short time.
What cause periodontal disease?
Poororal hygiene is the primary cause of periodontal disease such as no good habits of brushing or regular checking and scaling. The dental plaque, soft mucinous deposits and calculus that form on the teeth become a breeding ground for the bacteria, which release toxins that damage the teeth as well as the surrounding tissues.
Periodontal disease has a strong genetic susceptibility and a certain degree of infectiousness.
What are the related medical risks?
Despitebeing the primary cause of adult tooth loss, periodontal disease is also a major problem trigger for other organs like the heart, lungs and kidneys.
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases: the patient of periodontal disease presents a chronic wound of 2-3 cm in the oral cavity and when pathogenic bacteria enters the blood vessel through the wound, it stimulates a type of Gelprotein that causes coronary atherosclerosis, therefore, lead to blocked arteries, myocardial ischemia.
Diabetes: being a high risk factor for diabetes, it is also one of the complications.
Alzheimer's disease: related to the serverity of decreasing cognitive level in dementia patient .
Disease of digestive tract: helicobacter pylori (HP) cause chronic gastritis, gastric ulcer and even cancer sometimes. The HP detection rate from the dental plaque of patients with periodontal disease is significantly higher than the normal ones.
Elder pneumonia: compare with people of good oral hygiene, gum disease patient is twice as likely to develop chronic pulmonary infection and other pulmonary disorders.
Periodontal problem of the pregnant woman is a dangerous cause of premature birth and low birth weight.
How to prevent tooth lossand periodontal disease?
Regular teeth brushing in the morning and evening is important for maintain oral hygiene and dental floss is also recommended.
Do not share toothbrushes, even within the family.
For adults, it's recommended to apply the Bass brushing technique. Brush your teeth for at least 3 minutes each time and remember to cover all the facets.
For children, it's best to use the Fones' method of brushing and parents should also help the infants to clean their oral cavity.
Develop good habits of seeing your dentist every 6 months, regular checking and scaling. Follow the guidance of the professional to get rid of plaques in between the teeth. Early stage of gum diseases can be cured by thorough cleaning.
In case someone in the family is diagnosed as periodontal disease, the other family members should pay extra attention to adopt preventive measures and have their teeth checked regularly.
Once diagnoses, the patient should cooperate actively with the treatment to prevent loosing teeth.
Meanwhile, systemic diseases should be checked and managed at the same time.
This year, September 20th is the national TEETH-LOVING DAY featuring the theme “general health starts withgood oral hygiene”A kind reminder from our dental specialist: dental diseases are preventable and curable! Care for your dental health, starting from now!
Say goodbye to the “senile tooth loss” and welcome to the “8020” club, it's So Easy!
Committed to provide “Client-oriented Services”, with state-of-the-art medical equipment, we strictly follow the international standard disinfection procedures to offering our clinic with integrated high-quality medical services. Our senior dentists apply personalized treatment plan for each patient according to their own conditions, to improve the oral health.